Scientific Name: Baptista australis
Plant Characteristics: Indigo is a long-lived perennial with soft gray-green foliage and indigo blue flowers that bloom from May to June. After the flowers bloom, Indigo sprouts attractive dark seed pods.
Economic: Indigo leaves are used to make a blue dye for cloth.
Fun Fact: Indigo originated in India and Egypt, and was used by the Romans to make ink. European traders brought the plant to Europe in the 16th century for the purpose of making dyes. The earliest recorded use of Indigo in the American colonies was in 1649, as colonists hoped to develop a profitable industry to compete with Indian Indigo trade.